Main Pages

Front Page
Seal FAQs

Design Process
 1st Committee
 2nd Committee
 3rd Committee
 Final Design

Latin Mottoes
 E Pluribus Unum
 Annuit Coeptis
 Novus Ordo Seclorum

Symbols (front)
 Bald Eagle
 Olive Branch
 Rays of Light

Symbols (back)

Great Seals
 Official Dies
 First Engravings
 First Painting
 1792 Medal
 Indian Medals
 1882 Medal
 One-Dollar Bill

 Eagle Side
 Pyramid Side


 Wild Turkey
 President's Seal
 U.S. Constitution
    Visitors' Comments

The "Great Seal gracing the back of the $1 bill is carefully examined at Every detail is addressed with a well-researched explanation." – USA Today Hot Site (Aug. 13, 2002)

Comments from Visitors to

"Curious about the term 'novus ordo seclorum,' I entered that phrase into a search engine and came upon your treasure of a website. It was like entering a small doorway only to find it leads to a great palace with many rooms. I have always wondered about the symbols and phrases on the great seal and how they got on the back of the dollar. You cover the whole story, from the initial work of creating a great seal to the story of how it got on our dollar bill and how it is used today. Thank you."

"Thank you for your site. It contains some of the best content I've found on the web!"

"Awesome website. I stumbled across it looking for the meaning of E Pluribus Unum. Lots of good info, thanks."

"I found two dollars in my pocket today. I was curious as I unfolded the note about what was on it. 30 minutes later, thanks to your great website, I have a very solid foundation on my history and the history I need to teach my children so they in turn can teach it to theirs."

"Thank you for the informative and thorough Great Seal website. I went in search of the original heraldic description of the seal and found a beautiful labor of love. Well done."

"I very much appreciate the wealth of information and care that you have put into this web site."

"Your site was the most child friendly as far as comprehension, layout, colors and size of print."

"Really wonderful information, so simply and beautifully displayed."

"This is one of the best sites I have seen in a long time, and I wish they would teach every school child the meaning of this great symbol. Thank you very much. I will be sending this site to my nieces and nephews. Thank you."

"Just a note to compliment you on your site, Thank you for the fascinating history lesson!"

"Your website is astounding! I have thoroughly enjoyed reading each article and the 'sidebars' offered. American history is an awesome wonder. Wouldn't it be marvelous if the true story were more fully known and appreciated."

"Thank you for your site. The information is tremendous! Your efforts are not in vain. You are to be congratulated !!!"

"You have a very nice website. It is great to see someone interested in preserving a part of our heritage in the manner it was intended. We should remember this great symbol and the meanings behind it."

"My ancestor, William Barton, contributed both the eagle and the pyramid to the design of the Great Seal.... The Great Seal is as much a part of our heritage as the Flag. It symbolizes much, much more of the Founding Fathers' visions and dreams and should be remembered – not just as a symbol – but also in context with its creation and its inspiration by our Creator."

"I was very interested in your site and found it very educational. I would never have found it if my husband hadn't wondered aloud, 'What does E Pluribus Unum mean?' I am grateful that you've put so much work into getting this information out and wish you the best of luck."

"The history lesson on the great seal, pyramid side, I found to be absolutely gratifying and filled in the gaps for me and my thinking. I am indebted, thank you."

"Thank you for your inspirational work! It is SO excellent."

"Great and very detailed information on the Great Seal of the United States... It's obvious that a great amount of research went into this definitive site. Covers historical background, design detail and much more. A must see."

"I am impressed with your writings, the research that you have done, and the cohesive way that you have brought the information together in your articles. I spent quite a bit of time roaming around, viewing your other work, and appreciated your art."

"I was visiting your site, and I find it very educational and informative. I wanted to thank you for your work you had put into it and wanted to convey my appreciation."

"I love your site and appreciate you making it available to the public... It is awesome. I have never seen anything like it including in print. The history and the explanations are superb and yes most Americans don't have a clue... Your website is now more important than ever."

"I just discovered your Great Seal website and I was delighted. For many years I have been encouraging history teachers to teach this vital information."

"Oh what a beautiful site. Many thanks to you for making such an informative and beautiful site. Your work is much admired and appreciated."

"This site is what the web is all about. Thank you so much."

"Just wanted to say 'thanks' for your educational website... Your site is an intelligent treatment of the Seal and I appreciate that."

"I have a friend who has spent way too much time reading about every wacko conspiracy you can think of, and you gave me some super help in countering his rants with some real facts. I'm learning a lot about history along the way, too. Thank you very much for your most informative site."

"I really admire your work and knowledge regarding the many symbols that help define our Nation."

"Fabulous site! Every American should pay a visit!"

"I have seen many things on the world wide web – some good, some bad, some interesting, some entertaining, some educational, and some not. I must say your site is one of the best I have ever seen – maybe the best. The story you're presenting is a very important one, and one that is not being told elsewhere – from what I could tell. The depth of the information is awesome, yet it doesn't leave you lost somewhere in the bowels of a website. It's clear, concise, thorough, easy to move around, and deep – in short, the great seal site is well... great. Thank you for all of your efforts."

"I love the web for the treasures it holds. It is a fabulous site, full of information I never would have thought to look for, but enjoyed learning anyway. For 43 years, I've looked at the dollar bill, but never really seen it. Why isn't this taught in school? Moot question, I suppose. Thanks to your site for being there, I thoroughly enjoyed it."

"I must commend your ability to put it all together in a manner that was both interesting and informative."

"Thanks for putting this website up. It's a great resource and one of the few places to find such valuable and interesting information. I've sent a link along to several others who were equally pleased that you've taken the time, energy and resources to put such a great site together."

"I have enjoyed reading the information included in the Great Seal website. I have a personal interest in Charles Thomson, as he is a member of my ancestral family... My purpose in writing is simply to express gratitude that information about Charles Thomson's contributions to American history is presented in your website. It is not easy to find information about him. Unfortunately, he is often forgotten, or simply not mentioned in discussions about this important historical era."

"We are attending the Education program at Armstrong University and have been given the assignment to complete a Social Science project. We chose the topic of The Great Seal and have found your website to be most informative."

"Thank you for a brilliant website WOW! I've been curious for some time about the 1934-1935 change in our $1 bill and suspected it had to do with the New Deal, but could never get any real historical context for the Great Seal designers. Your website answered all my questions (and then some). It's a masterful work you should be rightly proud of. Bravo!"

"Your Great Seal website is an excellent educational resource, and I have added it to the Access Indiana Teaching & Learning Center Guides. In addition, it is being highlighted as a Must-See Website."

"Today I begin another series of citizenship classes for people... Each time I have begun with a look at the symbols of the United States which unite us – diverse as we are in our own cultures and languages. I wanted to be especially careful about the Great Seal because it has always appealed so much to me. Here, on the wonderful Internet, I've found your website with everything gathered together. THANK YOU, THANK YOU, THANK YOU. I'd say it 13 times, but you get the idea."

"I was researching a failed answer of mine in a daily trivia question yesterday about the meaning of e pluribus unum. Couldn't believe I was wrong so I went out searching and ran across Good stuff!! I ended up spending a good half-hour just reading."

"I just wanted to let you know how much I appreciated all the work done on that website. It saved my research paper."

"My sincere appreciation, and thanks for this excellent article about the Great Seal of the United States. I have been intrigued to know more about the symbolism incorporated in the design of this Great Seal of our Nation since I was a Cub Scout in the 40s. Thank you for your profound effort in producing this document."

"Just discovered your website. It is marvelous. I am bookmarking this site and know I will revisit it time and again. Terrific job!!"

"All citizens should have such knowledge."

Many thanks for your encouraging words. – John D. MacArthur